But recent studies have found that Christensen’s theory is profoundly flawed.
Of 77 cases that he used to “prove” his point, only 9 cases actually fit the criteria of his own theory.
We hear the word today more than any time in history.3. Abernathy, Nathan Rosenberg, and David Mowery, tell us that incremental innovation has always been the primary generator of economic growth.
There is nothing wrong with the idea of innovation in itself. The problem lies in how we have reshaped our society in the name of innovation. But our society has, unwisely, become obsessed with revolutionary, or “disruptive,” technological change.5.
But are Augustine’s interests the general public’s interests? Large segments of our culture have shifted in this way.
After all, as a major defense contractor, Lockheed Martin’s whole business model depends on our fearfulness.19. In 1971, over 60% of incoming freshmen believed that “developing a meaningful life philosophy” was an important goal. News outlets constantly run stories on prevalent diseases that share a major cause: stress.26.When we sound out contemporary techno-chatter, as Friedrich Nietzsche once put it, we often “hear as a reply that famous hollow sound which speaks of bloated entrails.” You know that “Big Data” is one thundering, odoriferous bout of flatulence.11. Neoliberalism focuses on increasing free markets and decreasing the scope of government via deregulation, privatization, lower taxes, and similar policies.(If you want to have a little fun, go to a page of a granting agency, like the National Science Foundation and the National Institutes of Health; plug an overhyped, underperforming region of research, like nanotechnology, into the search bar; and watch the hits roll in. Yet, innovation is the more basic ideology in contemporary society.A key turning point came in the late 1970s when the term “innovation policy” took off.Innovation became a resource that could be fostered, grown, created, molded, instrumentalized.What if we rejected fear, chilled the fuck out, and decided to care for one another? We have transformed important cultural institutions in the name of innovation, and, in the process, we have perverted them.29.Innovation is a holistic vision of transformation that includes everything from macro-level visions of economy and society, mid-level ideas about reforming institutions and organizations, and micro-level ideas about reshaping individual human beings.30. Use of the word “innovation” began rising soon after World War II and hasn’t stopped since. Its core assumption is that technological change is the key to both economic growth and quality of life.2.Hey, you should probably make sure your kid knows how to code. Or perhaps we are just bent on evading the specter entropy.In any case, the spirit of the times is one of joyless urgency, many of us preparing ourselves and our children to be means to inscrutable ends that are utterly not our own.”—Marilynne Robinson, “Humanism”27.