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It is diagnosed following genetic testing to determine a causative genetic mutation from a person's family history.
Those who have a parent or sibling with Alzheimer’s are more likely to develop it themselves.
Other aspects of heredity include the role of genes such as apolipoprotein E4 (apo E), Amyloid precursor protein (APP), Presenilin-1 (PS-1), and Presenilin-2 (PS-2), mutations which can increase an individual's chance of developing Alzheimer's.
These proteins can cause or exacerbate both structural and chemical problems in the brain, disconnecting areas of the brain that normally work together.
In addition to age and family history, risk factors for AD may include longstanding high blood pressure, head trauma, and neuronal injury.
With severe Alzheimer's, gait disturbance, incontinence, seizures, difficulty swallowing, and sudden muscle contractions may occur. Age is the strongest risk factor for Alzheimer's, although the condition is not a typical or normal aspect of aging.
A family history of Alzheimer's and genetic susceptibility are important variables.Cholinesterase inhibitors are a class of drugs prescribed to treat symptoms related to memory, thinking, language, judgment, and other thought processes.Three cholinesterase inhibitors commonly prescribed include Donepezil (Aricept) approved to treat all stages of Alzheimer's; Rivastigmine (Exelon) approved to treat mild to moderate Alzheimer's; and Galantamine (Razadyne) approved to treat mild to moderate Alzheimer's.It eventually leaves its victims incapable of caring for themselves.What happens to the brain in Alzheimers Disease....It can be used alone or with other Alzheimer’s disease treatments.Treatment may also focus on managing a patient's behavioral problems, confusion, and agitation; modifying the home environment; and supporting the family.[tags: Alzheimer's Disease Essays] - In this day and age, it seems as though almost everyone has experience a loved one taken away form a very serious disease known as Alzheimer’s disease.Alzheimer’s disease is unbelievably devastating for everyone affected by it.Mild stages of Alzheimer's may include depression and/or apathy.With moderately severe Alzheimer's, psychotic features such as hallucinations or delusions, irritability, agitation, combativeness, and wandering behaviors may be observed.