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The Inspector implies that if men and women continue to behave callously to one another in the industrialized countries of the West, then those countries, as entities, will “commit suicide.” That is, the Inspector’s warning to the Birlings foreshadows the cataclysms of the World Wars One and Two, which the audience in 1946 would understand to follow quickly upon the events of the play.Throughout his questioning, the Inspector takes on the role of a professor or guide.Edna, the maid, announces that an Inspector Goole is here to speak to Arthur.
Eva/Daisy has killed herself, the Inspector argues, because all society has abandoned her. The Inspector sees suicide as the response to a culture of selfishness, which he believes to permeate capitalist society.
No one was willing to lend Eva/Daisy a hand, and the Birlings discarded her when she was no longer compliant or useful to them. There is a larger “suicidal” idea in the play, not in the literal sense of one person’s death, but on the social plane.
Sheila regrets to hear that the person she incriminated was none other than Eva Smith, and that she and Arthur are responsible, in part, for Eva’s poverty and suicide.
The Inspector turns to Gerald and asks if he knows someone named Daisy Renton.
In this way, guilt plays an important role in the Inspector’s politics.
Although he does not describe his politics explicitly, he appears to be a socialist, and for him, socialism demands that human beings look out for one another, do their absolute best to avoid harming each other.
Arthur is more concerned with the family’s good name, and Sybil believes that in denying Eva/Daisy charity, she did what any person in her position should have done.
Eric feels some version of Sheila’s guilt, but his drunkenness shades his emotions somewhat.
When people do wrong, they must then explain, to themselves and others, the wrongness of their actions.
Sheila is the most willing to see that she has erred, in having Eva/Daisy removed from her job at Milward’s.