Competition is often considered to be the opposite of cooperation, however in the real world, mixtures of cooperation and competition are the norm.
Animals compete over water supplies, food, mates, and other biological resources.
Humans usually compete for food and mates, though when these needs are met deep rivalries often arise over the pursuit of wealth, power, prestige, and fame.
Such competitions can be games of luck (randomly drawn) or skill (judged on an entry question or submission), or possibly a combination of both.
People that enjoy entering competitions are known as compers. In 2012 over 100 members of the online competitions community of au from around Australia met on the Gold Coast, Queensland to discuss competitions.
In Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, competitions or lottos are the equivalent of what are commonly known as sweepstakes in the United States.
The correct technical name for Australian consumer competitions is a trade promotion lottery or lottos.Consequently, if survival requires competitive behaviors, the individual will compete, and if survival requires co-operative behaviors, the individual will co-operate.In the case of humans, therefore, aggressiveness may be an innate characteristic, but a person need not be competitive at the same time, for instance when scaling a cliff.They also investigate how competition manifested itself in various cultural settings in the past, and how competition has developed over time.Competition between members of a species ("intraspecific") for resources such as food, water, territory, and sunlight may result in an increase in the frequency of a variant of the species best suited for survival and reproduction until its fixation within a population.Many plants compete with neighboring ones for sunlight.However, Stephen Jay Gould and others have argued that as one ascends the evolutionary hierarchy, competitiveness (the survival instinct) becomes less innate, and more a learned behavior., because the human species learns to adapt to environmental pressures.Competitiveness, or the inclination to compete, though, has become synonymous with aggressiveness and ambition in the English language.More advanced civilizations integrate aggressiveness and competitiveness into their interactions, as a way to distribute resources and adapt.Competition or trade promotion lottery entrants enter to win a prize or prizes, hence many entrants are all in competition, or competing for a limited number of prizes.A trade promotion lottery or competition is a free entry lottery run to promote goods or services supplied by a business.