Components Of A Literature Review

Whilst some literature reviews can be presented in a chronological order, this is best avoided.For example, a review of Victorian Age Physics may certainly present J. Thomson’s famous experiments in a chronological order.

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This will give you and your reader an overview of the significant literature published on a topic. Determine the topic or field that is being examined and its components or issues. Find materials relevant to the subject being explored. Evaluate the data to determine which literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. Separate out those materials which contain the best argument or those that are the most convincing of their opinions and which make the greatest contribution to the understanding and development of their area of research. Choosing works by experts in their field gives authority to the materials.

Ask yourself, are the author's arguments supported by evidence (e.g.

primary historical materials, case studies, narratives, statistics, recent scientific findings)?

As you evaluate materials for inclusion in the literature review, be sure to look for objectivity.

Ask yourself: Determine, if possible, the value of the work.

Consider comparing and contrasting each work to others under consideration.scientific monograms, government documents and publications, dissertations, and grey literature, etc.) that are relevant to a particular issue, area of study, research, or theory.Your task in writing a literature review will be to provide a description, summary and critical evaluation of each work.The fact that a researcher is undertaking the research program speaks for its importance, and an educated reader may well be insulted that they are not allowed to judge the importance for themselves.They want to be re-assured that it is a serious paper, not a pseudo-scientific sales advertisement.The first goal of a literature search is to ensure that you are aware of other research in your field.The goal is to become familiar with the knowledge base of scientific information on the topic so that 1) you can understand the topic and its major concepts; 2) you can place your research in context and 3) you can further develop your own ideas.All sides of an argument must be clearly explained, to avoid bias, and areas of agreement and disagreement should be highlighted.A literature review is likewise not a collection of quotes and paraphrasing from other sources.It can be helpful to structure your internet research as if it were conducted on paper.Bookmark papers, which may be relevant, in one folder and make another subfolder for a ‘shortlist.’ Conducting a good literature review takes patience and is a matter of practice.


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