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For example, in both men and women, when there is too much testosterone in the body, people tend to respond with elevated aggression.Changes to the body's blood chemistry, either through illness (like cancer and Alzheimer's disease) or voluntary actions (such as indulging in alcohol or drugs), can result in increased aggressive responses to otherwise non-aggressive situations.You are walking down the street and you see groups of people running at each other. Just as we pick up our accents from those around us as we grow up, we also learn appropriate behavioral responses to situations from witnessing how adults in our life respond to those events.
When a boy shows aggressive tendencies to gain leadership of a group, he is rewarded with respect.
If a boy expresses a desire toward non-aggression, he is often ridiculed.
If we grow up in an environment where aggressive responses (like punching walls in anger) are the norm, we are much more likely to exhibit these same responses as adults.
So, learned behavior is the most significant of the social causes of aggression.
Hormonal imbalances occur when naturally occurring and required chemicals are not in balance in the body.
The body's response to these imbalances can result in different emotional responses, including aggression.
Informally, this can be thought of as mob mentality and is quite commonly seen in riot situations.
Social reinforcement is a strong cause of aggression based on societal/cultural rules.
For example, one man, on his own, would probably not retaliate if he was bumped on a street corner.
However, that same man, surrounded by his friends, may feel strengthened by the group to retaliate as a group, no longer one but many.