When determining what goes into the background information of an educated person, it would be useful to distinguish between general knowledge and specialized knowledge.We expect a physicist to know that in the quark theory, the only elementary particles are quarks and leptons, but it is hardly necessary for a lawyer, doctor, or sociologist to have this information, and hence we would treat it as specialized knowledge.
When determining what goes into the background information of an educated person, it would be useful to distinguish between general knowledge and specialized knowledge.We expect a physicist to know that in the quark theory, the only elementary particles are quarks and leptons, but it is hardly necessary for a lawyer, doctor, or sociologist to have this information, and hence we would treat it as specialized knowledge.Tags: Automatic Essay GraderEconomic Dissertation TopicsExample Of A History Research PaperMfa Creative Writing Programs In TexasProblem Solving Activities For Team BuildingBusiness Game PlanBlacks American Society Essay
The answer, which to my mind is a clear yes, calls for a distinction between foundational knowledge and non-foundational knowledge.
By foundational knowledge, I refer to the leading ideas and metaphors of any discipline that have had far reaching consequences not only in transforming the whole discipline but also have transcended disciplinary boundaries to affect a wide range of human knowledge.
Ramsay Mac Donald joined a group of "old students" of a workingmen's college at supper in London a few nights ago, and discussed with his sometime comrades the real meaning of education and the definition of the "educated man." Certainly, said this man who has sat in the seat of Gladstone, the educated man is not a "learned man." By this is meant that he is not necessarily educated because he is learned.
Nor is he an educated man simply because he is a university man, added this son of a farm laborer who was thrilled last July when the University of Glasgow gave him its degree, the greatest of prizes in the eyes of a Scotchman. Here is the educated man, according to the former Prime Minister: The educated man is a man with certain subtle spiritual qualities which make him calm in adversity, happy when alone, just in his dealings, rational and sane in the fullest meaning of that word in all the affairs of his life." Such a man may be as learned as Aristotle, or he may, as Mr. New York Times The comprehensive resource for navigating the job search, composing strong resumes and cover letters, performing at interviews, using Harvard’s Campus Interview Program, and profiles from alumni in different industries.
We do not expect an educated person in modern times to subscribe to this belief.
Essays On A Midsummer Night'S Dream - Educated Person Essay
Even the division between specialized and general knowledge does not remain static.For instance, if a person who was born and brought up in India has not heard about Carnatik music and Hindustani music, I would regard him/her as lacking in education, but this would not apply to a person born and brought up in Australia.Similarly, one would expect an educated person in Singapore to be familiar with the history of Singapore, but there is no reason to expect this of an educated German.As a sample of the leading ideas in the physical sciences in modern times, consider the following: The earth is a spherical object that spins around its axis and revolves around the sun.Neither the earth nor the sun is at the centre of the universe.In contrast, we agree that the idea that matter consists of molecules and molecules consist of atoms is part of the general knowledge of any educated person in modern times.It is also important to bear in mind that what is regarded as knowledge keeps changing over time.The requirement articulated above may give the misleading impression that the information that an educated person should have is what is important for practical matters.Given that ideas about the expanding universe and the evolution of the species are not relevant for practical decisions in life, is it necessary for an educated person to be familiar with them?In its common usage, the word "knowledge" refers to propositional knowledge of the form "X knows that Y".Thus, we expect an educated person in the modern world to know that the square root of four is two, that the earth spins on its axis and goes round the sun, that the pumping of the heart circulates blood, that rice is high in carbohydrates and low in protein, and that the Greek notion of democracy did not include women and slaves.