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So I believe we should conclude without doubt that the “actors” in the Live Action videos did indeed lie.This obviously raises the next crucial question: were they wrong to do so?
Second, some think that the Live Action actors made, or perhaps could have made, no false assertions.
The second set of criticisms concerns whether it is always wrong to lie; many critics deny just this, for one or more of the following reasons. Many critics have claimed that if it is always and everywhere wrong to lie, then such practices as undercover police (or journalistic) work, and some forms of espionage are also wrong.
Thus, assuming that the taking of human life is a harm, and that it is always wrong to intend that harm, nevertheless, many moralists defend some actions which result in death, because the death is not intended. To answer this question we must understand something of the goodness of truthful communication, for it is that goodness that is, presumably, absent in lying. In truthful communication, persons disclose, or reveal, reality in two dimensions.
Consider the common case of being asked by a stranger for directions.
The Live Action “Actors” Lied Let us begin, then, with the first set of objections.
Was there really no lying done in the Live Action “stings”?
As I noted, this question gets us to the heart of the matter, for double effect reasoning is appropriate when there is a moral principle forbidding the bringing about of some harm.
Some actions, which bring about that kind of harm nevertheless can be justified because the harm is not intended, but merely foreseen.
The “right to know” view would have it that I only lie to my wife when I assert to both that I gave the money away to charity.
This seems clearly wrong, and points us towards the Catechism’s amended definition: “To lie is to speak or act against the truth in order to lead someone into error.” On this view, what is essential to a lie is that an agent assert, through speech or action, something he believes to be false; here is the nature of the lie, and thus here also is where the wrong must be found: in a failure to respect an agent’s “right” to the truth.