Introduction: The main purpose of the introduction is to provide the necessary background or context for your research problem.
How to frame the research problem is perhaps the biggest problem in proposal writing.
In short, try to paint your research question in broad brushes and at the same time bring out its significance.
The introduction typically begins with a general statement of the problem area, with a focus on a specific research problem, to be followed by the rational or justification for the proposed study.
It should include the research question, the rationale for the study, the hypothesis (if any), the method and the main findings.
Descriptions of the method may include the design, procedures, the sample and any instruments that will be used.Thirdly, provide the contemporary context in which your proposed research question occupies the central stage.Finally, identify "key players" and refer to the most relevant and representative publications.Do not bore them, because it may lead to rejection of your worthy proposal.(Remember: Professors and scientists are human beings too.) Methods: The Method section is very important because it tells your Research Committee how you plan to tackle your research problem.Some even argue that a good proposal should contain sufficient details for another qualified researcher to implement the study.You need to demonstrate your knowledge of alternative methods and make the case that your approach is the most appropriate and most valid way to address your research question.If the research problem is framed in the context of a general, rambling literature review, then the research question may appear trivial and uninteresting.However, if the same question is placed in the context of a very focused and current research area, its significance will become evident.Make use of subheadings to bring order and coherence to your review.For example, having established the importance of your research area and its current state of development, you may devote several subsections on related issues as: theoretical models, measuring instruments, cross-cultural and gender differences, etc.