Summarize the study, including the following elements in any abstract.
Try to keep the first two items to no more than one sentence each.
An objective of organizing a research paper is to allow people to read your work selectively.
When I research a topic, I may be interested in just the methods, a specific result, the interpretation, or perhaps I just want to see a summary of the paper to determine if it is relevant to my study.
The reader may only be interested in one formula or part of a procedure.
Essay Tungkol Kay Kaibigan - How To Write Research Papers
Materials and methods may be reported under separate subheadings or can be incorporated together.
After all, how can you summarize something that is not yet written?
Economy of words is important throughout any paper, but especially in an abstract.
This should be the easiest section to write, but many students misunderstand the purpose.
The objective is to document all specialized materials and general procedures, so that another individual may use some or all of the methods in another study or judge the scientific merit of your work.