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Google’s battle with the Chinese government over internet censorship and the Norwegian Nobel Committee’s awarding of the 2010 Peace Prize to jailed Chinese activist Liu Xiaobo have also increased international attention to censorship issues.
Its methods include bandwidth throttling, keyword filtering, and blocking access to certain websites.
According to Reporters Without Borders, the firewall makes large-scale use of Deep Packet Inspection technology to block access based on keyword detection.
A essay emphasized Xi’s policy, noting that “the nation’s media outlets are essential to political stability.” In 2016, Freedom House ranked China last for the second consecutive year out of sixty-five countries that represent 88 percent of the world’s internet users.
The France-based watchdog group Reporters Without Borders ranked China 176 out of 180 countries in its 2016 worldwide index of press freedom.
Early 2014 saw the government detain Gao Yu, a columnist who was jailed on accusations of leaking a Party communiqué titled Document 9.
The State Internet Information Office tightened content restrictions in 2013 and appointed a new director of a powerful internet committee led by President Xi Jinping, who assumed power in late 2012.The Chinese government deploys myriad ways of censoring the internet.The Golden Shield Project, colloquially known as the Great Firewall, is the center of the government’s online censorship and surveillance effort.Additionally, the CPD gives media outlets editorial guidelines as well as directives restricting coverage of politically sensitive topics.In one high-profile incident involving the liberal Guangdong magazine , government censors rewrote the paper’s New Year’s message from a call for reform to a tribute to the Communist Party.The move triggered mass demonstrations by the staff and general public, who demanded the resignation of the local propaganda bureau chief.While staff and censors reached a compromise that theoretically intended to relax some controls, much of the censorship remained in place.Restrictions have been also placed on micro-blogging services, often in response to sensitive subjects like corruption, including 2012 rumors of an attempted coup in Beijing involving the disgraced former Chongqing party chief Bo Xilai.Censors are also swift to block any mention of violent incidents related to Tibet or China’s Xinjiang Autonomous Region, home to the mostly Muslim Uighur minority group, and the Falun Gong spiritual movement.A July 2014 directive on journalist press passes bars reporters from releasing information from interviews or press conferences on social media without permission of their employer media organizations. “By blocking these tools, the authorities are leaving people with fewer options and are forcing most to give up on circumvention and switch to domestic services,” writes Charlie Smith [pseudonym], a cofounder of Free and activist website Great And in early 2015, the government cracked down on virtual private networks (VPNs), making it more difficult to access U. “If they can convince more internet users to use Chinese services—which they can readily censor and easily snoop on—then they have taken one further step towards cyber sovereignty.” The restrictions mount on a regular basis, adds the Evan Osnos.