Learning And Memory Essay

Essentially, those that are highly adept at memorization tasks ‘encode’ information (store it in their mind) very effectively.The most common way of encoding large amounts of information effectively is with visualization.The same thing that makes them popular also makes them rather ineffective (requiring relatively little cognitively effort).

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One of the biggest myths about memory is that “You can’t increase your memory by training it." WRONG!

I can sort of appreciate why this myth might be accepted (‘If I can’t do anything about it, there is no point trying. The inconvenient truth is that there are *plenty* of ways to improve your memory, or to simply get the most out of what is already there.

A group study appearing in the New Year 2003 edition of Nature Neuroscience investigated the reasons for memory champions’ superior performance.

Their conclusion was that they employed "strategies for encoding information with the sole purpose of making it more memorable," but that superior memory was NOT driven by exceptional cognitive ability or structural differences in the brain.

Going to sleep probably eliminates a lot of environmental stimuli that might interfere with the learnt content.

While sleeping instead of studying may not be that helpful, it might be worthwhile going to bed shortly after a study session. Visualize Sometimes our brains can’t really tell the difference between what is real and what we imagine.

We know that mental imagery can activate some brain regions; and that mental rehearsal can lead to measurable improvement for some tasks.

Mentally ‘visualizing’ information can also help tremendously.

Some people do it more than others but regardless of age, gender, ethnicity or IQ – people procrastinate.

The catch-cry of the procrastinator may as well be “Why do today what you can put off until tomorrow." Sometimes this makes sense, but the bottom line here is that, despite its immense popularity, cramming just does not work.

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