Literature Reviews Samples

Literature Reviews Samples-79
NOTE: A literature review and an annotated bibliography are not synonymous.If you are asked to write an annotated bibliography, you should consult the for the APA Format for Annotated Bibliographies.

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An example of a student literature review in psychology and lecturer's comments is here.

A literature review in a proposal to investigate how indigenous peoples choose plant medicines.

Using variables for each congressional district, they found larger political contributions by unions and larger proportions of low-income families increased the probability of an affirmative vote, while larger campaign contributions from small business and larger proportions of teen-age workers reduced the probability. "Raising Rivals Costs." American Economic Review 73 (May 1983): 267-71. "The Political Economy of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938." Journal of Political Economy 103 (December 1996): 1302-42.

Kau and Rubin (1978) expanded Silberman and Durden's analysis to five separate cross sections covering five legislated increases in the federal minimum wage between 19.

(1999), Canada offers some unique advantages for minimum wage studies: Since the Canadian minimum wage is under provincial, not federal jurisdiction, there has been substantial variation in the level and timing of changes in the wage across provinces, thus providing the opportunity to explore a relatively rich panel data set. study (Blais et al., 1989) has investigated the determinants of provincial minimum wages using a pooled data set extending across eight years (1975 to 1982) and nine provinces.... For each year he found only the union variable increased the probability of an in-favor vote - and only for Republicans, since Democrats almost universally support minimum wage increases. "Determining Legislative Preferences on the Minimum Wage: An Economic Approach." Journal of Political Economy 84 (April 1976): 317-29.

An earlier contribution is Silberman and Durden (1976) who examined congressmen's votes for the 1973 amendment to increase the minimum wage. edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.For more information, please consult the There are two common types of papers written in fields using APA Style: the literature review and the experimental report.They found that higher state wages and a measure of the congressperson's liberalism were always positively and significantly associated with votes for, while percentage of blacks in the state was negatively related, but not significant, in all the cross sections. "Toward a More General Theory of Regulation." Journal of Law and Economics 19 (August 1976): 211-40. Unionization in the state's work force and political party of the legislator were never significant; the latter result probably occurred because northern and southern Democrats typically voted on opposite sides. If certain information is particularly pertinent for conveying your research, then ensure that there is a section of your paper that adequately addresses that information.Example of a short literature review in sports medicine is available here.This renewed interest in how minimum wages affect employment leads naturally to another question: What factors determine the minimum wage? the minimum wage is legislated at the federal rather than at the state level of government. Despite the ubiquity of minimum wage legislation, this question has received surprisingly little attention. Since this federal wage changes only occasionally, most U. studies have been limited to cross-sectional studies that focus on how the characteristics of the states, and the party affiliation of legislators, influence the vote on proposed changes in the federal minimum wage (Silberman and Durbin, 1970; Kau and Rubin, 1978; Bloch, 1980; Seltzer, 1995).[1] However, as pointed out by Baker et al. studies have usually been cross sectional and have examined what variables influenced congressional voting for increases in the federal minimum wage.[3] For example, Bloch (1993) related state wage levels and proportions of unionized employees to votes by senators to amend the 19 Federal Labor Standards Act and thereby increase the minimum wage. This model was tested with ordinary least squares for a pooled sample covering nine provinces for the years 1975 to 1982, with no fixed effects for provinces or years. "Politics and Provincial Government Spending in Canada." Canadian Public Administration 35 (Winter 1992): 519-33. "Working for Minimum Wage." Perspectives on Labour Income. All variables had negative coefficients that were significant at the 5 percent level, except for the union variable which was, unexpectedly, negative and insignificant.... Statistics Canada Catalogue 75-001E (Winter 1989): 8-20. "The Political Economy of Minimum Wage Legislation." Economic Inquiry 20 (October 1982): 533-55. "Unemployment Insurance Meets the Classical Labor Supply Model." Economics Letters 14 (1984): 275-81.


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