Your purpose in writing (based on your assignment) will determine how you relate your source materials to one another.Your purpose in writing determines which sources you use, which parts of them you use, at which points in your essay you use them, and in what manner you relate them to one another.If you imagine a synthesis essay as a room in which the synthesis writer is joined by the authors of her/his sources, the 4.0, 3.5, or 3.0 essay has everyone engaged in conversation or debate, with everyone commenting on (or arguing against) each other's ideas directly.
Some relationships among the material in you sources must make them worth sythesizing.
It follows that the better able you are to discover such relationships, the better able you will be to use your sources in writing syntheses.
While you might use the same sources in writing an argumentative essay as your classmate uses in writing a comparison/contrast essay, you will make different uses of those sources based on the different purposes of the assignments.
What you find worthy of detailed analysis in Source A may be mentioned only in passing by your classmate.
You should already have drawn some conclusions about the quality and validity of these sources; and you should know how much you agree or disagree with the points made in your sources and the reasons for your agreement or disagreement.
Further, you must go beyond the critique of individual sources to determine the relationship among them.However, at times your argumentative synthesis essays will include sections that are explanatory in nature.THE ARGUMENT SYNTHESIS: The purpose of an argument synthesis is for you to present your own point of view - supported, of course, by relevant facts, drawn from sources, and presented in a logical manner. It makes a proposition about which reasonable people could disagree, and any two writers working with the same source materials could conceive of and support other, opposite theses.3.It would be neither possible nor desirable, for instance, to discuss in a ten-page paper on the battle of Wounded Knee every point that the authors of two books make about their subject.What you as a writer must do is select the ideas and information from each source that best allow you to achieve your purpose.PURPOSE Your purpose in reading source materials and then in drawing upon them to write your own material is often reflected in the wording of an assignment.For example, your assignment may ask that you evaluate a text, argue a position on a topic, explain cause and effect relationships, or compare and contrast items.Explanations may entail descriptions that re-create in words some object, place, event, sequence of events, or state of affairs.The purpose in writing an explanatory essay is not to argue a particular point, but rather to present the facts in a reasonably objective manner.It will frequently be helpful for your readers if you provide at least partial summaries of sources in your synthesis essays.At the same time, you must go beyond summary to make judgments - judgments based, of course, on your critical reading of your sources - as you have practiced in your reading responses and in class discussions.