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Though in France, 80% of its electricity production is from nuclear energy and more than one-fourth of electricity in Europe comes from nuclear energy.
Whereas, oil reserves and other fossil type fuels are likely to run out shortly.
Reliability Nuclear power plants operate reliably and have a continuous output of power.
This is called nuclear fission and this process liberates a large amount of energy, but the process also releases radiation which is very dangerous. Clean Energy Nuclear energy has the ability to produce electricity without greenhouse gas emissions. It is cleaner than many other forms of energy production.
Essentially, nuclear power would be “carbon-zero” if the uranium were mined and transported in a more efficient way.
Low Operating cost Although nuclear power reactors are expensive to build, they are relatively cheap to operate.
Fuel is inexpensive and a plant can be operated by small number of people, approximately 10 people.It also does not require a lot of space and so can be placed in already developed areas and the power does not have to be transferred over long distances. Nuclear Weapons Threat It has potential nuclear proliferation issues.Some reactors produce plutonium which can be used to make nuclear weapons.Nuclear weapons are a major threat to the world as they can cause a large-scale devastation.High Capital Intensive Nuclear Plants require a high level of technology and a major initial capital investment. Long Gestation Period It takes a long time to build, about 15-20 years to develop a single plant.The actions to mitigate the risk associated with nuclear energy need to given due importance to harness its full potential.I know nuclear power is much in the news right now because of the recent accident in Japan, so many teachers are assigning persuasive essays on the topic of nuclear power.Abstract “Growing concerns over climate change have highlighted the need to step up contribution of nuclear energy in the energy mix and to reduce the dependence on fossil fuels in the years to come.This essay discusses some of the major advantages and disadvantages of nuclear energy.”Introduction Nuclear energy represents only 15% of the electricity produced worldwide.Radioactive Waste There are issues with management of radioactive waste.The spent fuel is highly radioactive and has to be carefully stored for many years after use.