Also, the motivation to fulfill such needs will become stronger the longer the duration they are denied.
- these are biological requirements for human survival, e.g.
air, food, drink, shelter, clothing, warmth, sex, sleep.
Every person is capable and has the desire to move up the hierarchy toward a level of self-actualization.
Unfortunately, progress is often disrupted by a failure to meet lower level needs.
Affiliating, being part of a group (family, friends, work).4.
- which Maslow classified into two categories: (i) esteem for oneself (dignity, achievement, mastery, independence) and (ii) the desire for reputation or respect from others (e.g., status, prestige).Maslow indicated that the need for respect or reputation is most important for children and adolescents and precedes real self-esteem or dignity.5."It is quite true that man lives by bread alone — when there is no bread.And when these in turn are satisfied, again new (and still “higher”) needs emerge and so on.This is what we mean by saying that the basic human needs are organized into a hierarchy of relative prepotency" Maslow continued to refine his theory based on the concept of a hierarchy of needs over several decades (Maslow, 1943, 1962, 1987).From the bottom of the hierarchy upwards, the needs are: physiological, safety, love and belonging, esteem and self-actualization.Deficiency needs arise due to deprivation and are said to motivate people when they are unmet.Maslow noted that the order of needs might be flexible based on external circumstances or individual differences.For example, he notes that for some individuals, the need for self-esteem is more important than the need for love.But what happens to man’s desires when there is plenty of bread and when his belly is chronically filled?At once other (and “higher”) needs emerge and these, rather than physiological hungers, dominate the organism.