However, CMS adds this caveat: “Though major works of art are generally italicized, some massive works of sculpture are regarded primarily as monuments and therefore are capitalized but not italicized or enclosed in quotation marks.” Choosing italics or quotation marks is fairly consistent in some areas but not in others.
Create your own guideline for how you will denote titles for various works, but remember that usage might be influenced by not only preference but by your reading audience, your client, your employer, or perhaps the publication to which you are submitting a story or column.
Thankfully, the rules are not terribly difficult, and one quick question to yourself can help you sort out the proper formatting quickly.
The titles of stand-alone published works (e.g., books, journals, newspapers, albums, or movies) should be italicized.
In academic writing, authors occasionally need to refer to previously published works.
However, given the myriad of formatting techniques used to highlight the titles of these works, such as italics, underlining, and quotation marks, new authors can easily become confused with the proper way to format these titles.
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For example, a newspaper title should be italicized (e.g., The Washington Post).
Also, the title of a book should be italicized (e.g., Little Women by Louisa May Alcott). Historically, underlining was used almost interchangeably with italics for the titles of these stand-alone works.